Mold spores – A microscopic one-celled reproductive body that is reproduced by mold and can be found in the air environment we breathe. A mold spore is capable of giving rise to a new individual adult spore either immediately or after an interval of dormancy. When inhaled, many types of mold spores can cause health problems.
How Mold Spores Spread Into The Air
Toxic black mold grows in what is termed a colony. The mold spores are bound within a slimy mass which generally keeps them intact. The greatest health threat comes when the colony loses its moisture. source. When this happens the slimy mass dries out and allows the spores to break free into the atmosphere. It is then that the toxic black mold spores becoma an airborne hazard to people and animals. Because toxic black mold spores are relatively heavy, they do not remain airborne for very long. In homes and buildings it is often easy for the spores to land on another surface suitable for it to thrive. It is important to note that even dead mold spores pose a health risk to humans and pets.
What Makes Black Mold Dangerous
Black mold contains mycotoxins. These are massed in groups named trichothecenes. There are over 60 types of trichothecene. The most common found in toxic black mold are:
- Roridin E
- Satratoxin F, G and H
- Sporidesmin G
- Verrucarin J
Symptoms of Exposure to Trichothecene Mycotoxins
Trichothecene mycotoxins are a group of dangerous toxins produced by multiple types of fungi. Symptoms of exposure and health problems may occur in both humans and animals. The actual danger to any person or animal exposed to the mycotoxins varies depending upon several factors. Common symptoms of contamication include redness of the skin, burning pains, or even blisters. Oral or respiratory exposure may cause vomiting or diarrhea. Generally speaking exposure can cause fatigue, ataxia, hypotension, coagulopathy and sometimes death.